This course examines the tools, practices and challenges of human resource management in today’s organizations. The roles of the human resource professional such recruitment, training advancement, disciplinary actions, retention, employment termination as well as planning and decision making within the organization are examined. Laws on hiring and employment in various business environments especially recruitment of expatriate workers and working permits will be considered.  Benefits, contracts, and employee handbooks which help in understanding the relationship between the business entity and its employees are discussed.